Nuremberg is located in Bavaria on the River Pegnitz and includes the historical towns of Fürth, Erlangen, and Schwabach in its region. During the 14th century, the city was known for its importance in local trade and craftsmanship. Nuremberg Hauptmarkt (Main Market), the beautiful Church of Our Lady, the Beautiful Fountain, and the Old Town Hall are its most famed historical landmarks. In the 15th and 16th century, Nuremberg became the center of the German Renaissance and home to Albrecht Dürer, one of the most famous artists of this era.
A Jewish community was recorded in the 12th century and flourished in the beginning of the 20st century. Today the name of the city is associated with"Nuremberg Rallies", the "Nuremberg Laws", and the "Nuremberg Trials".
About 65 of the former local Jews returned after the war and revived the community, which grew steadily over the coming years and inaugurated a new community center with a synagogue in 1984.
The neighboring town of Fürth is home to the small Jewish Museum Franken. Fürth once had the largest Jewish congregation in southern Germany, and the museum chronicles the history of Jewish life in the region from the Middle Ages to today.
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