Mannheim: a name that calls to mind the multitude of corporations that call the city home, or the students who walk the famously gridded streets (the city has earned the nickname “The City of Squares”), or their legendary ice-hockey team. This city defies easy categorization, and the Jewish community of Mannheim is no exception. Originally founded by Portuguese Sephardic Jews, it remained relatively small until the 1800’s when it ballooned to over 6400 members. They were well respected and integrated into civil service and life in the city, avoiding the more open antisemitism of neighboring Heidelberg.
This attitude changed during the Nazi era, and at the end of WW2 only 68 Jews returned to the city. The community has been steadily rebuilding, and today you can find a Synagogue and Community Center, as well as several buildings with symbolic and cultural importance to the historic Jewish community here. See the powerful Shoah Memorial in the center of town, listing the names of those lost to Nazi violence. A Jewish Cemetery also survived the war and can be visited in longer tours. There’s so much history to discover on these gridded streets, let Milk & Honey lead you through the Jewish Heritage of Mannheim.