More than 1000 years ago, when most Jews lived in small towns or shtetls scattered across Europe, three cities rose to prominence as hotbeds of Jewish scholarly pursuit in Germany. These were the
ShUM cities of Speyer, Worms, and Mainz (named collectively for the first letters of their Hebrew names Schpira, Warmaisa, and Mainz). These cities were the most important of intellectual
medieval Jewish life and the teachings and decrees which issued from the ShUM cities are still studied today.
A medieval source once wrote: "From our teachers in Mainz, Worms and Speyer, the teachings were spread to all of Israel...!” Explore Speyer and Worms with us!